Getting started with HTML
Before we dive into HTML basics, lets have a quick overview of some important things you need to know.
This tutorial focuses on:
- HTML file extensions
- Text editors
- Web browsers
If you open a program on your computer, it will have a .exe extension (If you're using Windows), when you open a document created with Microsoft Word, it will have a .doc extension, and so on. This extension system is a way to organize files by type so you know how to work with each one.
Webpages you create with HTML are no exception to this rule and must have a specific extension - HTML documents have a file extension of .htm or .html
In the past, the .htm extension was used because of older operating systems which limited file extensions to three letters. Noawadays, the .html extension is mostly used.
You are going to need two two things to create webpages and view them, the first of which is a text editor. You will use a basic text editor to write your HTML code.
The text editor you will be using (as a beginner) to build your pages is notepad. To access notepad, go to your Start menu -> Click on Run -> type notepad and press Enter. The notepad text editor should come up.
The other thing you will need is a web browser...
A web browser is a program used to view webpages (you're using a web browser right now!) The most popular web browser is Internet Explorer. Some other well known browsers include Firefox, Safari, Opera, and Chrome.
Just as you view pages created by other people using a web browser, you will view pages that you create using a web browser as well.
Get your tools ready and lets begin learning actual HTML at our HTML basics tutorial.